The objective of the ERA-NET scheme is to develop and strengthen the coordination of national and regional research programmes through two specific actions:
‘ERA-NET actions’ – providing a framework for actors implementing public research programmes to coordinate their activities e.g. by developing joint activities or by mutually supporting joint calls for trans-national proposals.
‘ERA-NET Plus actions’- providing, in a limited number of cases with high European added value, additional EU financial support to facilitate joint calls for proposals between national and/or regional programmes.
Under the ERA-NET scheme, national and regional authorities identify research programmes they wish to coordinate or open up mutually. The participants in these actions are therefore programme ‘owners’ (typically ministries or regional authorities defining research programmes) or programme ‘managers’ (such as research councils or other research funding agencies managing research programmes).